Litter and illegal dumping

A dumped television set on top of two dumped mattresses

The facts about litter

  • 95 per cent of litter on our beaches comes from suburban streets through the stormwater system
  • Litter harms marine life by polluting their habitat, being mistaken for food, and trapping or injuring them
  • Litter can be a fire hazard (e.g. lit cigarettes thrown from vehicles)
  • Litter can cause flooding by blocking the storm water system
  • Litter such as broken glass, needles and syringes can harm people
  • People are more likely to litter in areas that are already littered
  • The total cost of litter and street sweeping maintenance for local governments in Victoria is over $78 million.

The good news about litter

If you care about litter, you are not alone. Many organisations and individuals are working hard to keep litter off our streets and out of our waterways. On Clean Up Australia Days alone, Australians have devoted more than 31 million hours towards the environment and collected over 331 thousand tonnes of rubbish over the past 26 years. Others are working to ban common sources of litter such as plastic bags, promote recycling and help international communities to conserve their environment. Together we can eliminate litter from our streets, parklands and waterways.

What you can do about litter

Avoid waste

The best way to reduce waste and litter is to avoid it in the first place. Plastic bags, coffee cups, balloons, disposable dinnerware and straws are all unnecessary items that take up space in landfill and pollute the environment. Find out what you can do about these single use items.

Bin your butts

Cigarette butts are the most littered item in Australia (around 7 billion butts per year) and constitute half of all litter. If you smoke, please make sure you bin your butts rather than throw them on the ground or down stormwater drains. Carrying a tin with you in lieu of an ashtray is one way to make sure that your butts never end up in our waterways and harm marine life.

Scoop your dog’s poop

Around 900,000 dogs in Victoria produce about 90 tonnes of dog poo each day. When this litter isn't scooped up, it is unsightly and inconvenient for pedestrians and cyclists, and roundworm – found in the faeces of infected dogs – can be passed on to humans, in some cases causing blindness. Ideally your pet's waste should be composted, either in an area of your garden designated for pet waste, or using a commercially available pet waste composting system. Animal droppings should not be flushed down the toilet and should only be put in the rubbish as a last resort.

Compost or bin food scraps

A common misperception about food scraps is that the odd apple core in a garden bed won't hurt because it will break down. But what would our parks and beaches look like if everyone threw their apple core on the ground? Make sure you dispose of your food scraps properly, ideally by composting, which uses particular techniques to turn food waste into a useable product. Minimise food waste in the first place to avoid throwing out precious resources.

Dump illegal dumping

Illegal dumping is unlawful depositing of waste that's larger than litter. Household rubbish such as mattresses, whitegoods, garden waste, furniture, e-waste, tyres, clothing and construction waste are all significant illegal dumping problems. Find out how to dispose of household waste and recycling properly to minimise waste, reduce landfill and protect natural resources.

Get involved

We can all do something about litter every day, picking it up rather than walking past it in the park or on the beach (remember to consider your safety first). To participate in organised clean up events, try Keep Victoria Beautiful, Clean up Australia Day and Keep Australia Beautiful.


Detox your Home logo over a photo of discarded plastic bottles

Detox your Home

Rid your home of dangerous and toxic waste responsibly, with the free Detox your Home program.

Read more


Logo for Planet Ark and Recycling Near You

Recycling Near You

Planet Ark's Recycling Near You site offers information about the recycling and waste services offered by your council as well as local drop-off options for items including computers, batteries, printer cartridges and mobile phones.

Visit the Recycling near you website


Panorama of Yarra Glen amongst green fields of the Yarra Valley

Council waste and recycling

Household paint, batteries and fluorescent lights can be dropped off for free. Check with your local council for details.

Find your council