The Victorian Local Government Annual Waste Services Survey also asks local governments about the other council waste services they provide (separately to the main household kerbside garbage, recycling and green organics services) and these include:
- litter maintenance and street sweeping services
- household hard waste service
- landfill and transfer station operations.
Litter maintenance and street sweeping service
All 79 local governments provide litter maintenance and street sweeping services. In 2015–16, 69 of 79 local governments reported on these services via the Victorian Local Government Annual Waste Services Survey. The figures below are a general indication of these services.
In 2015–16, Victorian councils collected:
- 30,263 tonnes of material from litter bins – decreased from 30,795 (2%) in 2014–15
- 25,788 tonnes of illegally dumped rubbish – decreased from 30,004 (14%) in 2014–15
- 1,736 tonnes of material from litter traps – decreased from 1,999 (13%) in 2014–15.
Cost and geography
In 2015–16, the cost for local government to provide litter maintenance and street sweeping services was in excess of $91 million (or $15.59 per person) of this, local government spent:
- $34 million (37%) on the provision of litter services including litter bins, traps and clean-up services (e.g. dumped rubbish)
- $56 million (62%) on street sweeping services.
Figure 1 shows the breakdown of service cost percentages.
Figure 1: Litter and street sweeping services annual service cost, Victoria 2015–16
Household hard waste service
In 2015–16, 42 of 79 local governments provided a hard waste collection service. Hard waste is household waste not normally accepted or possible to fit into garbage bins e.g. white goods and timber.
In 2015–16, 94,373 tonnes of hard waste was collected by local government – 82,607 tonnes was disposed to landfill with the rest recovered for recycling. This represents an average diversion rate of 12 per cent. On average 50kg of hard waste was collected per household.
Cost and geography
In 2015–16, the cost for local government to provide a household hard waste service was $30 million and the cost per household was $16.04.
Of the 94,373 tonnes collected in 2015–16, Metropolitan councils collected 92,822 tonnes and non-metropolitan councils collected only a small fraction (1,552 tonnes). This is likely due to hard waste collections being contingent upon densely populated areas in order to be economically viable.
Landfill and transfer station operations
Local governments own and / or operate landfills (licensed and unlicensed by EPA) and resource recovery and waste transfer stations across the state (including those that are operated by private contractors for local governments). The figures below do not include privately owned sites.
In 2015–16, of the 69 operational landfills reported by local governments:
- 34 were licensed – inner metropolitan local governments did not operate or own any landfills.
- 28 were unlicensed – the majority (27) were in rural townships and small provincial local government areas.
- 14 local government-owned landfills closed – four of these were licensed and 10 were unlicensed. All landfills closures but one were in regional local government areas.
Approximately, 254 local government owned / operated and transfer stations were operational and 201 of these were maintained in rural townships and small provincial municipalities. This reflects the need in rural communities for drop-off facilities and consolidating recyclables and waste.
There has been a gradual decrease in the number of licensed and unlicensed landfills since 2001–02 and a corresponding increase in the number of transfer stations and resource recovery centres (TSRRCs) established and / or upgraded across the state. Figure 2 highlights these trends.
Figure 2: Number of licensed / unlicensed landfills and transfer stations/resource recovery centres (TSRRCs), Victoria 2001–02 to 2015–16*
*No survey was conducted for the landfill and transfer station component of the 2003–04 survey. Data has been estimated from existing information for this period.