In Victoria, 56 of 79 local governments offer household garden organics collection services that cover 56 per cent of Victorian households. The majority of councils that do not offer a kerbside garden organics service are based in regional areas where such a service would be either unnecessary or economically unviable.
In 2016–17 the amount of garden organics collected by local governments via household kerbside collections services was 462,874 tonnes (equivalent to 324kg per household or 73kg per person). This figure increased by 17.6 per cent or 69,000 tonnes from 2015–16.
Figure 1 shows that since the Victorian Local Government Annual Waste Services Report began in 2001–02, household garden organics collection has almost quadrupled. During this time, there has been an expansion of the three bin system to a small bin for garbage, one large bin for recyclables and another large bin for garden organics. As a result, this has encouraged households to divert garden organics from landfill.
Figure 1: Green organics tonnes collected, Victoria 2001–02 to 2016–17
Cost and geography
In 2015–16 the cost of local governments to provide a garden organics collection service was $77 million (equivalent to $54.00 per household or $12.20 per person). This is an increase of $7.8 million or 11.3 per cent since 2015–16. This increase can be partly explained by additional services undertaken by local governments and a CPI increase of 2.2 per cent since 2015–16.
Non-metropolitan councils spent on average 17 per cent or $27.33 more per household for a garden organics collection than Metropolitan councils while yielding 5kg per household less material than Metropolitan councils.
Bin collection system
Table 1 shows the range and frequency of bins used for green organic collections. The predominant bin used by Victorian local governments is the 240L bin, accounting for 49 (68 per cent) of all garden organics collection services provided.