All 79 local governments in Victoria offer household kerbside garbage collection services that cover 96 per cent of Victorian households. The remaining 3 per cent are generally located in remote areas where providing a kerbside garbage service is not a feasible option.
In 2016–17 the amount of garbage collected by local government via household kerbside collection services was 1.18 million tonnes (equivalent to 462kg per household or 186kg per person). This figure increased by 1.4 per cent or just over 16,000 tonnes from 2015–16.
Figure 1 shows that since the Victorian Local Government Annual Waste Services Report began in 2001–02, household garbage collection has steadily decreased by 21 per cent or nearly 69,000 tonnes (from 581kg to 462kg per household).
Figure 1: Trend of household garbage collection, Victoria 2001–02 to 2016–17
Cost and geography
In 2016–17 the cost for local governments to provide a garbage collection service was $260 million in total (equivalent to $102.13 per household or $41.17 per person). This has increased by $7.5 million or 3 per cent.
Households in non-metropolitan local governments generated on average about 11 per cent or 50kg less garbage than households in metropolitan local government areas. Non-metropolitan local governments continue to pay higher prices to deliver their services with the average cost per tonne of garbage collected being $26 or 12 per cent higher than metropolitan local governments.
Figure 2 illustrates the steady increase in cost per tonne since 2001–02 and represents an increase of $133 over 16 years.
Figure 2: Trend of household garbage collection cost per tonne, Victoria 2001–02 to 2016–17
Bin collection system
The 120L household garbage bin continues to be the most common in use with 50 (63 per cent) of 79 local governments using it.
Over the past 16 years, it has consistently been shown that as the bin size increases, corresponding household garbage generation increases. Figure 3 highlights this using 2016–17 household garbage generation data by bin collection system.
Figure 3: Household garbage generation by bin collection system, Victoria 2016–17