With a limited supply of water, it is crucial that we use it wisely and care for it properly. You might be surprised by some of the reasons why we should conserve water:
A water-efficient showerhead uses 40 per cent less water, which will save you water, energy and money. Free replacement of old showerheads with water saving showerheads is an eligible activity under the Victorian Energy Efficiency Target (VEET) Scheme. Speak to your local water retailer to see whether they can do this for you.
A standard showerhead uses 15 to 25 litres of water per minute. That's around 120 litres of water for an eight minute shower! Keep your showers short and use a timer so you're aware how long you have the water running. You might also consider taking fewer showers.
From a bucket under a rust hole in the guttering to a large, portable rain barrel from your hardware store, there are many ways to collect rain water. Save water by using this collected water for various purposes around the house, such as watering the garden.
If you're buying a new washing machine or dishwasher, make sure it has high water efficiency and energy ratings. Front-loading washing machines are usually the most water efficient, using up to 50% less water. Wait until you have a full load of clothes or dishes before running the machines, using the economy cycle if you have one. If you must run the machines when they’re not full, adjust the water level to suit the size of the load.
Choose products and services labelled with a Smart Approved WaterMark. Items with this label have been assessed by technical experts to make sure they achieve water savings.
Replace single-flush or older dual-flush toilets with a more water-efficient dual-flush model. This can be done by either replacing the flush mechanism, the cistern or the whole toilet. If you have a single flush toilet, insert a water displacement device into your tank, or simply place a plastic bottle filled with water in the cistern. If you have a dual-flush toilet use the half-flush where appropriate and consider using recycled or 'greywater' to flush your toilet. Check your toilet for leaks by placing a few drops of food colour into your cistern. If the colour appears in the bowl within 15 minutes of flushing, there is a leak that should be repaired immediately.
Greywater is waste or recycled water from various sources in your house, including your bath, bathroom sink, laundry, kitchen sink and shower. Reusing greywater is a great way to save drinking water, but it is important to familiarise yourself with simple safety precautions that need to be considered when using it.
Saving water in the garden is about the way you use water and also the type of garden you have.
Target 155 is a voluntary water efficiency program to encourage metropolitan Melbourne householders to limit their consumption to 155 litres per person per day
Target Your Water Use is a similar program to Target 155 for regional Victoria.
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